How to personalize the learning path?
What is RPL?
RPL, often also referred to as Validation of Prior Learning – is a process by which the prior learning of an individual, gained in formal, informal or non-formal settings is validated against a set of criteria and is assigned a credit value.
Such credit, obtained through RPL, may
- grant access/entry to specific programmes of study and/or;
- be used to claim achievement of parts of a qualification.
- the applicant – in order to submit the information required and to answer any clarifications requested by the organisation, and;
- the organisation – in order to verify the authenticity of the elements within the applicant’s claim and to provide the necessary guidance to the applicant throughout the process.
RPL supports Lifelong Learning through:
- Permeability: RPL may provide an opportunity to individuals to follow programmes, which otherwise they would not have had access to.
- Accessibility: Opportunity to reduce the time needed to complete a programme by marking specific Unit/ Modules as obtained through RPL. This is mostly relevant to individuals in employment, whose time is therefore limited and cannot follow full-time education.
- Mobility: RPL facilitates the mobility of workers in Europe, as they will be able to have their prior learning count towards an additional education or employment in another country.
The FCN EU Curriculum fulfils the requirements to support RPL because:
- it matches the occupational standards and is based on learning outcomes - meaning, it is competence-based and provides transparent descriptions of what a learner knows and is able to do upon completion of the learning process.
- it informs about the assessment of these learning outcomes (criteria, indicators, assessment procedures): this will help you to compare the prior learning of an applicant to which competences FCNs will have after completion of your curriculum and what to look for when examining the documentation of prior learning provided by applicants.
In this section we identify 3 MAIN STAGES that will support you in identifying the RPL system established in your country (and/or your institution).
NB: You can find out more about these processes in the Country Reports of the Cedefop (European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training). In addition, European Country Profiles have been developed in the European VINCE project and it may provide some insights into the RPL processes in place in your country:
- Directive 2005/36/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 7 September 2005 on the recognition of professional qualification
- Directive 2013/55/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 November 2013 amending Directive 2005/36/EC
- In line with the Directive 55, a database for regulated professions has been created that provides information on access, qualifications, regulatory bodies etc. of nursing professions: