Scenario 3E - Debate

The Debate technique has a low degree of structuredness, where we can distinguish two main phases: in the first phase students are asked to study learning material concerning a given problem (case or theme) assigned by the tutor, while in the second phase they work in groups to negotiate their solution to the problem and produce an artefact reflecting the negotiation results. The debate technique lends itself to tackling complex problems such as, for example, case studies, where critical thinking, reflection and creativity need to be fostered and the asynchronous nature of the interactions facilitates reflection. According to [26], in nursing education “the subject at the center is the nurse-patient/client/family/community relationship that informs nurses about what they should pay attention to”. To do so, she proposes “unfolding case studies”, an approach that departs from the idea of a case study as a lecture on a case, but rather uses the Debate technique to put students in an active role. In this approach, at different stages of the learning process teachers prompt students to delve deeper into the case. Online debate can be used in one or more of these steps, provided that the teacher makes sure they allocate sufficient time for it and sustain active participation of students. To ensure convergent debates, it is essential that the task in the second phase requires the production of a common artefact.  


2 phases

Phase 1

Phase 2


Study of material

Collaborative production of an artefact 


Individual work 

Small groups  


Web or other (digital) resources



FORUM. Use an online forum if you want the discussion among students to happen in asynchronous mode. Watch the following video, if you want to learn how to set up a forum. 



WEBINAR. Use an online webinar (basic configuration) and/or an online webinar with breakout rooms if you want the discussion among students to happen in synchronous mode. Watch the following videos, if you want to learn how to set up a webinar or a webinar with breakout rooms. 





DATABASE. Use the database if you want your students to share their final artefacts. Watch the following video, if you want to learn how to set up a database. 



Last modified: Wednesday, 16 December 2020, 12:25 PM