Scenario 3B - Jigsaw

The Jigsaw technique entails two phases: a first phase where so called “expert” groups are formed and a second phase carried out by “jigsaw groups”. 

Figure 4 – The Jigsaw 

The Task of each of the expert groups will be to study in depth a different aspect of a topic (or case or problem). In the second phase, teams are rearranged into jigsaw groups which should include at least one member for each of the expert groups. The task of the jigsaw groups is to produce for example written or oral presentations or other types of products, reflecting all the different facets of the problem studied in the first phase. Thus, each expert of the jigsaw will bring to the group the competence acquired in the first phase and his/her contribution will be essential to produce a comprehensive artefact. 

This method suits topics that can be studied under different facets. For example, [22] describe how they used jigsaw in nursing education where faculty identified four important concepts related to fractures: pain, inflammation, immobility, and stress management. In this example, the different expert groups were asked to deepen each concept and the jigsaw groups to prepare a presentation of a collaboratively defined approach to caring for a patient with a fracture. Even if this activity took place f2f, the same could be carried out online. Similarly, the jigsaw method was used by [23] to engage students with the institutional long term and postacute care setting and the roles of personnel there. 


2 phases

Phase 1

Phase 2


Individual study of the theme to cover one aspect of it

Collaborative production of a synthesis/presentation

Collaborative production of an artefact


Expert groups (e.g. 4 small groups of 4)

Jigsaw groups (e.g. 4 groups containing one member for each expert group)


f2f or forum

f2f or forum


FORUM. Use the forum  if you want the discussion among students to happen in asynchronous mode. Watch the following video, if you want to learn how to set up a forum. 



WEBINAR. Use an online webinar (basic configuration) and/or an online webinar with breakout rooms if you want the discussion among students to happen in synchronous mode. Watch the following videos, if you want to learn how to set up a webinar or a webinar with breakout rooms. 





 Use the database if you want your students to share their final artefacts. Watch the following video, if you want to learn how to set up a database. 



Last modified: Wednesday, 16 December 2020, 12:21 PM